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Bar Exam Essay Model Answers

In order to assist applicants in preparing for the written portion of Maryland Bar Examinations, the State Board of Law Examiners provides the following materials:

  • PDF reproductions of each session of the Board’s Written Test beginning with the July 2014 General Bar Examination.  (Please note that essay questions for General Bar Examinations prior to July 2014 are reproduced within the text of the Representative Good Answer document for each exam session.)
  • PDF reproductions of the Extracts provided for each session of the General Bar Examination.  The extracts provide selected materials from the Maryland Rules or other articles of the Annotated Code of Maryland which are intended to assist the examinee in answering one or more of the essay questions.
  • Two (2) representative good answers for each Maryland essay question since 1998 and two (2) representative good answers from each Multistate Performance Test question given since 2007.  The Representative Good Answers are provided to illustrate how actual examinees responded to the Maryland essay questions and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT). The Representative Good Answers are not “average” passing answers nor are they necessarily “perfect” answers.  Instead, they are responses which, in the Board’s view, are successful answers written by applicants who passed the Maryland General Bar Examination. These answers are reproduced without any changes or corrections by the Board, other than to spelling, font and line spacing for ease of reading.
  • The Board’s Analysis for each Maryland General Bar Examination essay question from 1998 to February 2015, when the Board, by policy ceased to release this document. The Board’s Analysis consists of a discussion of the principal legal and factual issues raised by each question on the Maryland general bar essay test. It is prepared by the Board. The Board’s Analysis is not a model answer, nor is it an exhaustive listing of all possible legal issues suggested by the facts of the question.
  • PDF reproductions of each Maryland Out-of-State Attorney (OSA) Examination beginning with the July 2014 OSA Examination.  (Please note that questions for OSA Exams prior to July 2014 are reproduced within the text of the Board’s Analysis document for each exam session.)
  • The Board’s Analysis for each Maryland Out-of-State Attorney (OSA) Examination question from 1998 to February 2015 when, by policy, the Board ceased to release this document. The Board’s Analysis consists of a discussion of the principal legal and factual issues raised by each question on the Maryland OSA Exam. It is prepared by the Board. The Board’s Analysis is not a model answer, nor is it an exhaustive listing of all possible legal issues suggested by the facts of the question.
  • Two (2) representative good answers for each Maryland Out-of-State Attorney Exam since February 2016. The Representative Good Answers are provided to illustrate how actual examinees responded to the Maryland Out-of-State Attorneys’ Bar Examination. The Representative Good Answers are not “average” passing answers nor are they necessarily “perfect” answers. Instead, these are the two (2) highest scoring overall exam responses for this session. These answers are transcribed from the hand-written answer books without any changes or corrections by the Board, other than to spelling and formatting for ease of reading.

Exam Questions & Answers












Exam Questions & Answers Archive 1998-2012

Study Resources - Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The Virginia Board of Bar Examiners does not develop or publish "model answers" to the Virginia essay questions, and the Board does not approve or endorse any purported "model answers" published by law school professors or others. Instead, the Board compiles points and authorities and develops a grading guideline identifying the essential elements that the Board believes should be covered in a good answer to each particular essay question.

The Board does not require a "perfect" answer. The Board expects a good answer to recognize the issues involved, to set out the law applicable to those issues, to analyze the facts of the question, to identify the facts relevant to the issues, to apply the law to those relevant facts, and to reach a conclusion consistent with the analysis. Of course, all of that identification, analysis, and application must be effectively communicated to the grader. Thus, more than just legal knowledge, the Virginia essay questions test one's ability to use and apply the skills that are essential to every lawyer.

To provide some examples of good answers, the Board will from time to time reprint actual answers that have received a score of 10 points (i.e., the highest score possible on any one answer).

July 2017 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2017 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2017 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2017 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

July 2016 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2016 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2016 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2016 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

July 2015 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

The following is another essay question that appeared on the July 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2015 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2015 Virginia bar examination, followed by three answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2015 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

July 2014 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the July 2014 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

July 2014 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2014 Example Answers

The following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2014 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2014 First Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions
The following is another essay question that appeared on the February 2014 Virginia bar examination, followed by three answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points.

February 2014 Second Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions
July 2013 Example Answers

Another example is an essay question from the July 2013 examination followed by three answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points. These are examples of answers that, while not "perfect," are very good and deserving of the highest grade. These answers have not been edited in any way to correct misspellings or grammatical errors.

July 2013 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

February 2013 Example Answers

For example, the following is an essay question that appeared on the February 2013 Virginia bar examination, followed by two answers, each of which received a grade of 10 points. You will probably notice that neither is a "perfect" answer. You may even be able to argue that one is better than the other. However, each answer identified the essential issues, discussed the applicable law (e.g., elements of a valid gift), and applied the law to relevant facts. These answers have not been edited in any way to correct misspellings or grammatical errors.

February 2013 Example Ten-point Answers to Virginia Essay Questions

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